Metal-H systems : basic knowledge

This page gathers some important and inevitable
Reviews, Chapters, Books, Lessons, ...
about Metal-H systems.

With them in hands, you have the minimun fertile ground for future good and relevant contributions.
The long term goal of this page is to propose a useful library (clear and well organized) where general materials will be available, as well as materials on specific given subjects. Here, the objective is to centralize the information to limit any waste of time for the beginner.
Besides, we'd love to make available here the materials that was given during Summer Schools in previous M-H-Conference-series. We work on it.

Besides, a natural and logical evolution of this page will likely be participative :
strength is found through unity --> the more we are, the better it is --> with the aim of producing a substantial, relevant, reliable and well organized content.
This page is under construction ...
We just need time to insert, introduce and sort all the Books, Chapters, Reviews, etc ... we already have. And ... there are a lot ! A lot !
What you see below is just a very beginning : it's the minimum of the minimum of the minimum of the minimum of ... . In brief : the minimum.

Table of Content

To find a given item :
just use CTRL + F on your keyboard


1) General Material
 1.a) Old general books : < 1970      
   D.P. Smith (1948)
   K.M. Mackay (1966)
   Müller / Blackledge / Libowitz (1968)
 1.b) The Bible # 1 : "Hydrogen in Metals" three-volume set (1978/1978/1997)
 1.c) The Bible # 2 : "Fukai's book" (1993/2005)
 1.d) The Bible # 3 : R. Griessen's Lecture notes  
 1.e) Other important books and large reviews
   1.e.1) Hydrogen in intermetallic compounds I (1988) Schlapbach editor
   1.e.2) Hydrogen in intermetallic compounds II (1992) Schlapbach editor
   1.e.3) Metal Hydrides (1981) Bambakidis editor
   1.e.4) Electronic structure and properties of Hydrogen in Metals (1983) Jena and Satterthwhaite editors
   1.e.5) The physical and metallurgical aspects of Hydrogen in Metals (1994) by Oriani
   1.e.6) Progress in Hydrogen Treatment of Materials (2001) Goltsov editor
   1.e.7) Hydrogen in Metals : microstructural aspects (2006) by Pundt and Kirchheim
   1.e.8) Hydrogen in metals (Chap. 25) : in Physical Metallurgy, 5th Edition (2014) by Pundt and Kirchheim
   1.e.9) Hydrogen storage materials : the characterization of their storage properties (2011) by Broom
...


2) Phase diagrams (handbooks)
 2.a) Phase Diagrams : Binary Alloys (including M-H systems)
   2.a.1) Hansen 1958 / Elliott 1965 / Shunk 1969
   2.a.2) Massalski 1986 / Massalski 1990
   2.a.3) ASM Metal Handbook : volume 3 : Alloy phase diagrams (1992/2016)
   2.a.4) Landolt Börnstein : Phase equilibria, crystallographic and thermodynamic data of binary alloys (1991-2016)
 2.b) Phase diagrams : Ternary alloys (including M-H systems)
   2.b.1) Landolt Börnstein : Ternary alloy systems - Phase diagrams, Crystallographic and thermodynamic data (2004-2010)

3) Crystallographic data (handbooks)
 3.a) Pearson I (1958)
 3.b) Pearson II (1967)
 3.c) Pearson III (ASM 1st Edition) (1985)
 3.d) Pearson IV (ASM 2nd Edition) (1991)
 3.e) Pearson V (ASM Desk Edition) (1997)



.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
15) Special collection
 15.a) Videos of brittle metals pulverized by the first H absorption
  15.a.1) Video of ZrMn1.5 decrepitation
  15.a.2) Video of LaNi5 decrepitation
 15.b) History of International Symposiums on Metal-Hydrogen systems
 15.c) History of GRC / GRS Conferences

N.B. : all papers / chapters / books mentioned in this page can be downloaded via LibGen or Sci Hub
(except : those directly downloadable thanks to the blue/black boxes, or a few exceptions).
Via Sci-Hub : just enter the DOI number, bingo !
Via Libgen : just enter the keys words, bingo !

1) General Material

 
 

1.a) Old general books : < 1970

Photo by N.A.

Hydrogen in Metals
D.P. Smith
1948
367 pages

How to download it :
- go to the "LibGen" website,
- and enter "hydrogen in metals smith",
- bingo !
The version available in the LibGen website was scanned by The i2-HMR.
N.B. : at the time of the scan, this book was not available from Publishers (and is maybe still not), explaining why we shared it in LibGen. We're sorry for the low quality of the scan.


Hydrogen compounds of the metallic elements


K.M. Mackay
1966
186 pages

How to download it :
- go to the "LibGen" website,
- and enter "hydrogen compounds of the metallic elements",
- bingo !
The version available in the LibGen website was scanned by The i2-HMR.
N.B. : at the time of the scan, this book was not available from Publishers (and is maybe still not), explaining why we shared it in LibGen. We're sorry for the low quality of the scan.

Photo by N.A.

Metal Hydrides
W.M. Müller
J.P. Blackledge
G.G. Libowitz
1968
795 pages

How to find this book :
DOI : 10.1016/C2013-0-12462-2

If it doesn't work with Sci-Hub, use LibGen :
- go to the "LibGen" website,
- and enter "metal hydrides",
- bingo !

1.b) The Bible # 1 : "Hydrogen in Metals" three-volume set

Hydrogen in Metals I :
basic properties

Editors : G. Alefeld and J. Völkl
1978
431 pages

How to find this book :
DOI : 10.1007/3-540-08705-2


Hydrogen in Metals II :
application-oriented properties

Editors : G. Alefeld and J. Völkl
1978
404 pages

How to find this book :
DOI : 10.1007/3-540-08883-0

Hydrogen in Metals III :
properties and applications

Editor : H. Wipf
1997
359 pages

How to find this book :

1.c) The Bible # 2 : "Fukai's Book"

The Metal-Hydrogen system :
basic bulk properties

Y. Fukai
2005 (2nd edition)
506 pages

How to find this book :
DOI : 10.1007/3-540-28883-X


The previous edition (1993) can be found here.


1.d) The Bible # 3 : R. Griessen's Lecture notes


Prof. Dr. Ronald Griessen
Faculty of Sciences
VU University
The Netherlands

Lecture notes can be found HERE, in R. Griessen's University WEBSITE.
It is also possible to download these lecture notes via an all-in-one PDF by clicking on the picture below.


1.e) Other important books and large reviews

 

1.e.1) Hydrogen in intermetallic compounds I (1988) Schlapbach editor

Part I : 
electronic, thermodynamic and crystallographic properties, preparation

Edited by L. Schlapbach.
Year : 1988.
Pages : 350.
How to find this book :
DOI : 10.1007/3-540-18333-7


1.e.2) Hydrogen in intermetallic compounds II (1992) Schlapbach editor

Part II :
surface and dynamics properties, applications

Edited by L. Schlapbach.
Year : 1992.
Pages : 328.
How to find this book :
DOI : 10.1007/3-540-54668-5


1.e.3) Metal Hydrides (1981) Bambakidis editor

Metal Hydrides

Edited by B. Bambakidis.
Year : 1981.
Pages : 385.
How to find this book :
DOI : 10.1007/978-1-4757-5814-6


1.e.4) Electronic structure and properties of Hydrogen in Metals (1983) Jena and Satterthwhaite editors

Electronic structure and properties of Hydrogen in Metals

Edited by P. Jena and C.B. Satterthwaite.
Year : 1983.
Pages : 698.
How to find this book :
DOI : 10.1007/978-1-4684-7630-9


1.e.5) The physical and metallurgical aspects of Hydrogen in Metals (1994) by Oriani

The physical and metallurgical aspects of Hydrogen in Metals

By R.A. Oriani.
Reference : Transactions of Fusion Technology, Vol. 26, issue 4T (1994) 235-266.

How to find this review ?
There are 2 ways.
(i) The first way is to download it directly thanks to the box below, since the publisher does not make it available in its website (at least on Nov. 25th 2020) ; this paper has no DOI number. You can check whether the situation has changed directly in the publisher's website : here. This version is the ORIGINAL one, kindly supplied by Prof. Dieter H. Britz in 2014 to Nicolas Armanet (thanks a lot !).

(ii) The other way is to download it via the LENR-CANR.org website HERE. This version is not the original one, but is much more enjoyable to read (and with better resolution photos).



1.e.6) Progress in Hydrogen Treatment of Materials (2001) Goltsov editor

Progress in Hydrogen Treatment of Materials

Edited by V.A. Goltsov.
Year : 2001.
Pages : 545.

How to download it :
- go to the "LibGen" website,
- and enter "progress in hydrogen treatment",
- bingo !


1.e.7) Hydrogen in Metals : microstructural aspects (2006) by Pundt and Kirchheim

Hydrogen in Metals : microstructural aspects

By A. Pundt and R. Kirchheim.
Reference : Annu. Rev. Matter Res., 36 (2006) 555-608.

How to find this review :
DOI : 10.1146/annurev.matsci.36.090804.094451

1.e.8) Hydrogen in metals (Chap. 25) : in Physical Metallurgy, 5th Edition (2014) by Pundt and Kirchheim

Chapter 25 : Hydrogen in Metals

in : Physical Metallurgy (5th Edition).
By : A. Pundt and R. Kirchheim.
Year : 2014.


How to find this review :
DOI : 10.1016/B978-0-444-53770-6.00025-3

1.e.9) Hydrogen storage materials : the characterization of their storage properties (2011) by Broom

Hydrogen storage materials :
the characterization of their storage properties

By : D.P. Broom.
Year : 2011.

How to find this book :

Download the Table of Content

2) Phase Diagrams (handbooks)

2.a) Phase Diagrams : Binary Alloys (including M-H systems)

2.a.1) Hansen 1958 / Elliott 1965 / Shunk 1969

a photo of our own version

Hansen (1958) = vol. 1

Title : Constitution of binary alloys.
Authors : M. Hansen and K. Anderko.
Year : 1958 (2nd edition).
Pages : 1305.

How to download it :
- go to the "LibGen" website,
- and enter "constitution of binary alloys hansen",
- bingo !
The version available in the LibGen website was scanned by The i2-HMR.
N.B. : at the time of the scan, this book was not available from Publishers (and is maybe still not), explaining why we shared it in LibGen. We're sorry for the low quality of the scan.

a photo of our own version

Elliott (1965) = vol. 2

Title : Constitution of binary alloys, first supplement.
Author : R.P. Elliott.
Year : 1965.
Pages : 877.

How to download it :
- go to the "LibGen" website,
- and enter "constitution of binary alloys elliott",
- bingo !
The version available in the LibGen website was scanned by The i2-HMR.
N.B. : at the time of the scan, this book was not available from Publishers (and is maybe still not), explaining why we shared it in LibGen. We're sorry for the low quality of the scan.

a photo of our own version

Shunk (1969) = vol. 3

Title : Constitution of binary alloys, second supplement.
Author : F.A. Shunk.
Year : 1969.
Pages : 720.

How to download it :
- go to the "LibGen" website,
- and enter "constitution of binary alloys shunk",
- bingo !
The version available in the LibGen website was scanned by The i2-HMR.
N.B. : at the time of the scan, this book was not available from Publishers (and is maybe still not), explaining why we shared it in LibGen. We're sorry for the low quality of the scan.


2.a.2) Massalski 1986 / Massalski 1990

photo from abebooks.com

Massalski,
1st edition, 1986, ASM

Title : Binary alloys phase diagrams.
Editors : T.B. Massalski and J.L. Murray, L.H. Bennett, H. Baker.
Year : 1986.
Vol 1 : Ac-Au to Fe-Rh.
Vol 2 : Fe-Ru to Zn-Zr.
Pages (total) : 2224.

How to download it :
- go to the "LibGen" website,
- and enter "binary alloy phase diagrams",
- bingo !

photo from the ASM website

Massalski,
2nd edition, 1990, ASM

Title : Binary alloys phase diagrams.
Editors : T.B. Massalski, H. Okamoto, P.R. Subramanian, L. Kacprzak.
Year : 1990.
Vol 1 : Ac-Ag to Ca-Zn (970 pages).
Vol 2 : Cd-Ce to Hf-Rb (2104 - 971 pages = 1133 pages).
Vol 3 : Hf-Re to Zn-Zr

How to find it :
ASM : see this link.
LibGen : not present yet.


2.a.3) ASM Metal Handbook : volume 3 : Alloy phase diagrams (1992/2016)

photo from abebooks.com

1992 edition

How to download it :
- go to the "LibGen" website,
- and enter "alloy phase diagrams",
- bingo !

photo from the ASM website

2016 edition

Editors : H. Okamoto, M.E. Schlesinger, E.M. Mueller.

Can be found via the ASM website here :
- either this link,
- or this link,
- or this link.
LibGen : not present yet.


2.a.4) Landolt Börnstein : Phase equilibria, crystallographic and thermodynamic data of binary alloys (1991-2016)

Group IV, Physical Chemistry

(i) Volume 5A, 1991 : Ac-Au -- Au-Zr.
Editor : O. Madelung.
(ii) Supplement to 5A = Volume 12A, 2006 : Ac-Ag -- Au-Zr.
Editor : B. Predel.
(iii) Volume 5B, 1992 : B-Ba -- C-Zr.
Editor : O. Madelung.
(iv) Volume 5C, 1993 : Ca-Cd -- Co-Zr.
Editor : O. Madelung.
(v) Volume 5D, 1994 : Cr-Cs -- Cu-Zr.
Editor : O. Madelung.
(vi) Supplement to 5B, 5C, 5D = Volume 12B, 2012 : B-Ba -- Cu-Zr.
Editor : B. Predel.
(vii) Supplement to 5B, 5C, 5D = Volume 12C, 2013 : Dy-Er -- Ir-Y.
Editor : B. Predel.
(viii) Supplement to 5B, 5C, 5D = Volume 12D, 2016 : K-O -- Y-Zr.
Editor : F. Predel.
(ix) Volume 5E, 1995 : Dy-Er -- Fr-Mo.
Editor : O. Madelung.
(x) Volume 5F, 1996 : Ga-Gd -- Hf-Zr.
Editor : O. Madelung.
(xi) Volume 5G, 1997 : Hg-Ho -- La-Zr.
Editor : O. Madelung.
(xii) Volume 5H, 1997 : Li-Mg -- Nd-Zr.
Editor : O. Madelung.
(xiii) Volume 5I, 1998 : Ni-Np -- Pt-Zr.
Editor : O. Madelung.
(xiv) Volume 5J, 1998 : Pu-Re -- Zn-Zr.
Editor : O. Madelung.

All these volumes can be found via LibGen (except : (i) and (viii)) :
 - go to the "LibGen" website,
- and enter for instance "Ac-Ag -- Au-Zr",
- bingo !

--> (i) and (viii) are not yet on LibGen, regretfully.
Photo from Amazon

2.b) Phase Diagrams : Ternary Alloys (including M-H systems)

 

2.b.1) Landolt Börnstein : Ternary alloy systems - Phase diagrams, Crystallographic and thermodynamic data (2004-2010)

Group IV, Physical chemistry
Volume 11

Subvolume A : Light metal systems
(i) Part 1, Selected systems, 2004 : Ag-Al-Cu -- Al-Cu-Er
Editors : G. Effenberg and S. Ilyenko.
(ii) Part 2, Selected systems, 2005 : Al-Cu-Fe -- Al-Fe-Ti
Editors : G. Effenberg and S. Ilyenko.
(iii) Part 3, Selected systems, 2005 : Al-Fe-V -- Al-Ni-Zr
Editors : G. Effenberg and S. Ilyenko.
(iv) Part 4, Selected systems, 2006 : Al-Si-Ti -- Ni-Si-Ti
Editors : G. Effenberg and S. Ilyenko.

Subvolume B : Noble metal systems
(v) Selected systems, 2006 : Ag-Al-Zn -- Rh-Ru-Sc
Editors : G. Effenberg and S. Ilyenko.

Subvolume C : Non-ferrous metal systems
(vi) Part 1, Selected semiconductor systems, 2006 : Ag-As-S -- In-Sb-Se
Editors : G. Effenberg and S. Ilyenko.
(vii) Part 2, Selected Copper systems, 2007 : Al-Cu-Li -- Cu-Ti-Zn
Editors : G. Effenberg and S. Ilyenko.
(viii) Part 3, Selected soldering and brazing systems, 2007 : Ag-Bi-Cu -- Ni-Pd-Si
Editors : G. Effenberg and S. Ilyenko.
(ix) Part 4, Selected nuclear materials and engineering systems, 2007 : Al-Fe-U -- Th-U-Zr
Editors : G. Effenberg and S. Ilyenko.

Subvolume D : Iron systems
(x) Part 1, Selected systems, 2008 : Al-B-Fe -- C-Co-Fe
Editors : G. Effenberg and S. Ilyenko.
(xi) Part 2, Selected systems, 2008 : C-Cr-Fe -- Co-Fe-S
Editors : G. Effenberg and S. Ilyenko.
(xii) Part 3, Selected systems, 2008 : Co-Fe-Si -- Cu-Fe-Pt
Editors : G. Effenberg and S. Ilyenko.
(xiii) Part 4, Selected systems, 2008 : Cu-Fe-Si -- Fe-N-U
Editors : G. Effenberg and S. Ilyenko.
(xiv) Part 5, Selected systems, 2009 : Fe-N-V -- Fe-Ti-Zr
Editors : G. Effenberg and S. Ilyenko.

Subvolume E : Refractory systems
(xv) Part 1, Selected systems, 2009 : Al-B-C -- B-Hf-W
Editors : G. Effenberg and S. Ilyenko.
(xvi) Part 2, Selected systems, 2010 : B-Mo-Ni -- C-Ta-Ti
Editors : G. Effenberg and S. Ilyenko.
(xvii) Part 3, Selected systems, 2010 : C-Ta-W -- Ti-V-W
Editors : G. Effenberg and S. Ilyenko.

ALL the above volumes can be found via LibGen, although there's a trick for each :
======================================
The following volumes can be found via LibGen :
(i)-(v) + (x)-(xiii) + (xv)-(xvii)
this way :
 - go to the "LibGen" website,
- and enter the three first elements, e.g. "C-Ta-W",
- bingo !
=======================================
The following volumes can be found via LibGen :
(vi)-(ix)
this way :
 - go to the "LibGen" website,
- and enter e.g. "selected semiconductor systems",
- bingo !
======================================
The following volume can be found via LibGen :
(xiv)
this way :
 - go to the "LibGen" website,
- and enter "11D5",
- bingo !
======================================

Hydrides covered in these volumes :

(iii) 11A3 :
Al-H-Li
Al-H-Mg
Al-H-Ti

(iv) 11A4 :
H-Mg-Ni

(v) 11B :
Ag-H-Pd
Au-H-Pd
Cu-H-Pd
H-Ni-Pd
H-Pd-Pt
H-Pd-Rh

(vii) 11C2 :
Cu-H-Ni

(x) 11D1 :
Al-Fe-H

(xi) 11D2 :
C-Fe-H

(xii) 11D3 :
Cr-Fe-H

(xiii) 11D4 :
Fe-H-Mn
Fe-H-Mo
Fe-H-Ni
Fe-H-O
Fe-H-P
Fe-H-Si
Fe-H-V

????!!!! In case of :
other hydrides are addressed in these volumes BUT we missed them : please don't hesitate to tell us so ! Thanks ;)

3) Crystallographic data (handbooks)

Note that here : we do not address the PDF files (Powder Diffraction Files database), nor the IUCr TABLES,  both findable via LibGen.
We rather gather handbooks where lattice parameters can be found for many compounds (including binary and ternary Hydrides).

Photo from ebay

3.a) Pearson I, 1958

Title : A handbook of lattice spacings and structures of metals and alloys.
By : W.B. Pearson.
Year : 1958.
Pages : 1044.

How to download it :
- go to the "LibGen" website,
- and enter "lattice spacings and structures",
- bingo !

a photo of our own version

3.b) Pearson II, 1967

Title : A handbook of lattice spacings and structures of metals and alloys.
By : W.B. Pearson.
Year : 1967.
Pages : 1446.

This book is not available yet in LibGen's website, but it's only a question of time. We are step by step scanning our own copy ... and will make it available as soon as the scan process is over.

Photo by Iñaki del Olmo on Unsplash.

3.c) Pearson III, 1985 (ASM 1st Edition)

Title : Pearson's Handbook of Crystallographic Data for Intermetallic Phases.
Volumes : 1 - 3.
By : P. Villars and L.D. Calvert.
Year : 1985.
Pages : 3258.

This book is apparently not available for purchase in the ASM's website, and is not available yet in LibGen's website, unfortunately.

Photo from Amazon

3.d) Pearson IV, 1991 (ASM 2nd Edition)

Title : Pearson's Handbook of Crystallographic Data for Intermetallic Phases.
Volumes : 1 - 4.
By : P. Villars and L.D. Calvert.
Year : 1991.
Pages : 5366.

This book is apparently not available for purchase in the ASM's website, and is not available yet in LibGen's website, unfortunately.

photo from the ASM website

3.e) Pearson V, 1997 (ASM Desk Edition)

Title : Pearson's Handbook, Desk Edition, Crystallographic data for intermetallic phases.
Volumes : 1 - 2.
By : P. Villars.
Year : 1997.
Pages : 2886.

This book, not yet on LibGen, is however available for purchase in the ASM's website here.

Here's a non exhaustive list of what we plan to add :



- medium size review (general) on H in M.
- A section dealing with selected M-H systems :  Hydrogen Metal System I and II and maybe the last updates of the Ni-H(D) system.



... and many many many other things ...

15) Special Collection


 

15.a) Videos of brittle metals pulverized by the first H absorption


15.a.1) Video of ZrMn1.5 decrepitation

 
 
Above : a nice illustration of the pulverization (decrepitation) of a brittle host metal upon Hydride phase formation
- due to the big lattice parameter mismatch between that of the Hydride (H-rich solid solution) and that of the host metal (or of the H-poor solid solution Alpha) together with the brittle character of the alloy.
 
About the video :
Ph. Mauron, M. Bielmann, EMPA, Switzerland, 2004.
We warmly acknowledge Prof. Dr. Andreas Züttel for his kind permission (allowing this video to become public).
Snapshots of this video can be found in slides 8-9 in the second presentation given by A. Züttel during the MH-2014 Summer School.


15.a.2) Video of LaNi5 decrepitation

Soon ...

Hopefully.
 

 

15.b) History of
International Symposiums on
Metal - Hydrogen systems

MH-2010, in RUSSIA : http://www.mh2010.com
MH-2012, in JAPAN : http://www.mh2012.jp
MH-2014, in UK : http://mh2014.salford.ac.uk/
MH-2016, in SWITZERLAND : https://mh2016.ch/
MH-2018, in CHINA : http://www.mh2018.cn/
MH-2020 (in 2022), in AUSTRALIA : http://www.metal-hydrogen2020.com/



Message to Organizers of previous Conferences (MH-2018, MH-2016, MH-2012) :

regretfully, your website can't be accessed (July, 21st, 2020). Would it be possible to make it accessible again, please ?

picture taken from the MH-2014 website

15.c) History of GRC / GRS Conferences

Hydrogen - Metal systems Gordon Research Conferences GRC
can be found HERE.
Hydrogen - Metal systems Gordon Research Seminars GRS
can be found HERE.

The next Conferences will be held in Switzerland in 2021 :
GRC
GRS

We need help from long-experienced researchers in the M-H field :


 typically with this page.
If you're willing to contribute, please don't hesitate to get connect with us !!!!
* contact@i2-hmr.com
**
***
N.B. : all papers / chapters / books mentioned in this page can be downloaded via LibGen or Sci Hub
(except : those directly downloadable thanks to the blue/black boxes, or a few exceptions).
Via Sci-Hub : just enter the DOI number, bingo !
Via Libgen : just enter the keys words, bingo !

* from the movie "Back to the future".

** a character in : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Once_Upon_a_Time..._Life

*** last picture (representing a Hydride, in the sense H-rich phase) : taken from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1369702103009222